A diploma or certificate like document given as published by an authority conforming that the learning outcomes after the successful completion of the recognized higher education programme have been achieved.
Learning outcomes are defined as statements of what a learner knows, understands and is able to do upon completion of a learning process.
In the EQF, learning outcomes are defined in terms of “knowledge”, “skills” and “competence”.
Knowledge means the outcome of the assimilation of information through learning. Knowledge is the body of facts, principles, theories and practices related to a field of work or study. In the context of the European Qualifications Framework, knowledge is described as theoretical and/or factual.
Skills means the ability to apply knowledge and use know-how to complete tasks and solve problems. In the context of the European Qualifications Framework, skills are described as cognitive or practical skills.
Competence means the proven ability to use knowledge, skills and personal, social and methodological abilities in work or study situations and in professional and/or personal development. In the context of the European Qualifications Framework, competence is described in terms of responsibility and autonomy.