Establishing a common credit system is one of the key elements of Bologna Process. As an academic equivalence system, European Credit Transfer System’s (ECTS) main aim is to maintain mutual recognition of exchange students’ academic achievements in different education institutions of different countries. ECTS credits are quantitative values of workload which the students need to complete in order to achieve expected learning outcomes.

ECTS is based on the principle that 60 credits measure the workload of a fulltime student during one academic year. (30 credits for half-year) Student workload is the main criterion of estimating credit.

Estimating Students’ Workload

Workload indicates the time students typically need to complete all learning activities (such as lectures, seminars, projects, practical work, self-study and examinations) required to achieve the expected learning outcomes.

Estimating ECTS

30 ECTS= Half Year

60 ECTS= Full Year

1 ECTS =25-30 hours of work

At Ankara University: 1 ACTS corresponds 30 Hours of workload

At Ankara University student workload is about 1,800 hours for an academic year (900 for Half year-Semester)

Example: workload of student for 1 ECTS course is 30 hours. (Spent time for reaching the course, homework, projects etc.)

**Estimating Workload**

- Total time required to prepare for and spent in course,
- Learning outcomes,
- Chosen training methods,
- Chosen assessment and evaluation techniques,
- Consistency of course schedule,
- Students ability and effort,
- Course duration

**Processing steps**

- The learning outcomes should be defined.
- Educational activities needed to achieve learning outcomes should be defined.
- Appropriate assessment and evaluation techniques should be chosen.
- For estimating workloads, u can use diagrams on web site: bologna.ankara.edu.tr

In estimating students’ workload, institutions must consider the total time needed by students in order to achieve the desired learning outcomes: the contact hours for the educational component; the time spent in individual or group work required to complete the educational component successfully; the time required to prepare for and undergo the assessment procedure; the time required for obligatory placements.